Three rather brief excursions this week, the first to Lake Elizabeth in the North Cascades near Skykomish, Washington. This is a favorite place for native orchids, but the trip was somewhat disappointing, probably because the season has been early and the summer very dry. Not only were there only a few species and those sparse, but many of the plants had aphids, almost certainly due to the dry weather.
I found Listera banksiana (caurina), the Northwestern Twayblade and Listera cordata var. nephrophylla, the Western Heart-leaved Twayblade, the former still in bloom but the latter nearly finished and not very many plants of either species, far fewer than previous years, especially of Listera cordata. Nor did I not find any of the purple-flowered form of that species, Listera cordata var. nephrophylla, fma. rubescens.
Listera cordata var. nephrophylla
There were two Bog Orchids blooming, Platanthera dilatata var. dilatata, the Tall White Northern Bog Orchis, and Platanthera stricta, the Slender Bog Orchis. Notably missing were both Platanthera huronensis, the Green Bog Orchis, and Platanthera aquilonis, the Northern Green Bog Orchis, both of which we've found there previously. Also missing was Platanthera dilatata var. leuchostachys with its very long spur.
Platanthera dilatata var. dilatata
I did find Spiranthes romanzoffiana, the Hodded Ladies'-tresses, but they are a later bloomer and were only just beginning to put up flower spikes. They too appeared to be fewer in number than last year, though I may have missed them hidden in the sedges and grasses. I also found a couple plants of the Western Coralroot, Corallorhiza mertensiana, but they were nearly finished and again there were only a few plants to be found.
Later in the week I was able to make a second trip to a location near Seattle and to two locations in Larrabee State Park in the Chuckanut Mountains south of Bellingham. I was looking for Epipactis helleborine, the Broad-leaved Helleborine, a non-native and for the white form of this species especially. I found the species in all the places I looked but could not find the white (alba) form, though I was told it was there to be found. I did find the green form, fma. viridens.
Epipactis helleborine fma. viridens
While looking for the Epipactis in Larrabee, I also found a few plants of Piperia elegans, the Elegant Piperia near the coast. They were quite small, only a foot tall (30 cm). This species can grow to three feet (100 cm) tall, but their exposed location, I am sure, explains their small size. They are, in my opinion, the most beautiful of the Piperias. That was a reminder to me to look for the other Piperias which bloom about the same time.
That I did with my wife on Saturday on our way to a picnic. We left early and explored Goose Rock near Deception Pass and found three species of Piperias blooming there, Piperia elegans ssp. elegans, the Elegant Piperia, Piperia transvera, the Flat-spurred Piperia, with its horizontal spur, and Piperia elongata with its tiny green flowers and long, curved spur. Piperia elegans was a bit past its peak, but the other two species were in good form.
Piperia elegans ssp. elegans